San Francisco de Castro Church
San Francisco de Castro Church is Best For
Directions to San Francisco de Castro Church
Visit the San Francisco de Castro Church, the Chiloé National Park or experience the Chilota culture knowing the Castro Craft Fair, the Museum of Contemporary Art of Chiloé or attending the famous Costumbrista Festival held in the city.
It is located in the province of Chiloé, Lake District. Located 1,214 kilometers from Santiago, it is the third oldest city in Chile. After the long expeditions through the coastal territory of Chiloé, initiated in 1553 under the order of the governor general. from Chile, Don Pedro de Valdivia, with the intention of extending his domains, on February 12, 1567, Captain Martín Ruiz de Gamboa founded the city of Santiago de Castro.
The earthquakes of 1786 and 1787 greatly reduced the population of the city, leaving a sad and desolate landscape. Its inhabitants went to live in the fields and only returned to the former city on holidays. In 1788 Castro ceased to be the capital of the Spanish province (the city of Ancud happens to have that denomination) and some time later Chilean independence was imposed over the entire Chiloé archipelago, including Castro.
The city was losing weight and becoming more and more forgotten. However, at the end of the 19th century, a new opportunity appeared for Castro: timber activity renewed progress in the area and the arrival of the railroad in 1912 made the city regain its importance as the center of the archipelago.
In the ‘20s, Castro developed his maritime activity to the fullest. Potato cultivation, which embarked towards the northern and southern ports of the country, supported the economic growth of the people. In 1958, the road from Castro to Ancud was opened, which further encouraged tourism growth in the region. The city of Castro already had a large number of hotels, wineries, pensions and shops that attracted more and more visitors.
Started in the ‘60s, a strong earthquake shook the city again, sweeping the municipality, the port, the railroad and many palafitos homes, typical local construction. At that time, the population was 7,000 inhabitants. After that catastrophe, the city grew towards the upper sector of the archipelago and returned to receive the title of provincial capital in 1982.
The city of Castro is the heart of the province of Chiloé not only because of its location, but also because it is a place full of culture and history. It has an immense variety of activities to know and discover aspects of a unique city of its kind.