Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works
Humberstone and Santa Laura works represent over 200 former saltpeter works where workers from Chile, Peru and Bolivia lived in company towns and forged a distinctive communal pampinos culture.
It includes the south of Lake Calafquén and the Pellaifa, Neltume, Pirehueico, Riñihue, Pullinque, and Panguipulli lakes; The city is an important tourist center that still maintains a charming harbor atmosphere. Also, it is characterized by having thousands of rose bushes planted in its streets and owning exquisite cheeses, cider, honey, and jam.
Its main attraction is the extensive presence of the colony of Magellanic penguins, which can be observed in their habitat and surrounded by a lot of other species, along with the Magdalena Island Lighthouse.
Tour Cerro Castillo on horseback or trekking. Its trails deliver routes of different sizes and intensities. Do you want to test your capabilities? Do the full-day trekking if you want a condensed experience, but if you are an innate athlete, take the adventure of 5 days and more than 45 km. of extension. High impact activity, it has become one of the most famous in the country thanks to its view of hanging glaciers and the possibility of crossing portezuelos where snow abounds in summer.
The presence of the Atacameño people or likan antai in the pre -illeilleran area of the Atacama desert dates back to the 6th century A.D. The vestiges of the first communities that inhabited the area of San Pedro de Atacama, allow us to affirm that it was an agro-pottery culture, dedicated to the cultivation of corn, potatoes and quinoa, in addition to the cattle raising of auquénidos such as llamas and vicuñas.
Nuble National Reserve
The Ñuble National Reserve is a large protected area of more than 70,000 hectares in which it is difficult to enter due to the poor state of the access road and the little information available. Probably thanks to this reason it is that together with the Huemules de Niblinto National Reserve they are the only places outside Patagonia where it is possible to find huemules in the wild.
With 120 square kilometers of extension that include the Cui Cui and Fresia inslands, the lake has beautiful gray-sand beaches enabled for visitors with an equipped tourist infrastructure. In Lake puyehue it is possible to practice various sports activities, especially recreatinal fishing due to the presence of salmon and trout between the months of November and May.
Cordillera de la Sal (Salt Mountains) was formed million of years ago. It was an old lake, which bottom went raising by the same movements of the terrestrial coast which gave origin to the Andes Mountains. Moulded through time by rain, wind and the Sun of the Atacama Desert, its final form that we know nowadays counts with a great variety of natural sculptures, different types of stratifications and varied colorations by the mineral diversity of the place.
Snow-covered Villarrica, one of Chile's most active volcanoes, rises above the lake and town of the same name. It erupts basaltic lava and is one of the few permanently active volcanoes in the world, with frequent strombolian activity and sometimes a small lava lake present in its summit crater.